Wormwood is a botanical herb commonly known for its
Botanical.com. It was
used as a pesticide, medicinal tonic and liqueur ingredient.
The term "wormwood" was often used to describe "extreme
consider the possibility of a "star" turning the waters
bitter on Earth. The term "star" in classical terminology
lacks the modern astronomical sense. It could have
been referring to a comet, asteroid, "sun-like" star or
planet. Since the possibility of a planet or sun
colliding with earth is infinitesimal, we will eliminate
Explanation For The Wormwood Star
The Wormwood prophecy cites a "great
star, blazing like a torch". Comets are well known for
their blazing tails, due to ionization of their gases by the
Sun. Either an asteroid or comet could manifest a
blazing tail on their entry into Earth's atmosphere.
With respect to a comet's impact with a planet, astronomers
have recently tracked the collision of the "Shoemaker-Levy
9" comet with the planet Jupiter and were able to confirm
many of their theories.
Various scientific scenarios have
been theorized on the effects of an asteroid or comet's
collision with Earth. An applicable scenario theorizes
a chemical change in the atmosphere due to "heat
shock" during entry and/or impact of a large asteroid or
comet, reacting oxygen and nitrogen in the atmosphere to
produce nitric acid rain. The bitterness produced by
the Wormwood Star upon a third of the Earth's potable waters
could be the Biblical prediction of "acid rain" from
the "heat shock" of a large comet or asteroid's impact with
Hooper Natural Science Museum
in Ottawa, Canada cites a scientific theory that postulates
"atmospheric chemical changes" from the impact of an
asteroid or comet with the Earth. See the statement
M.I.T. astronomers Ronald Prinn and Bruce Fegley determined
the atmospheric consequences of both large and small
asteroid and comet impacts. When an asteroid enters earth's
atmosphere there are two occurrences of extreme shock. The
first occurs as the asteroid enters the atmosphere. The
second, more important one, occurs when the ejecta plume
(the ejected debris caused by an impact) enters the
atmosphere (Dr. Kevin Zahnle, 1990). This shock causes
the breakdown of the oxygen (O2) and the nitrogen
(N2) molecules found in our atmosphere. Through a
series of chemical reactions the dissociation of the
nitrogen and oxygen forms NO which is then converted into NO2.
These two molecules can produce nitric acid rain (HNO3).
They assumed the "large" impact comet had a mass of 1.25 x
1016 Kg traveling at a velocity of 65 Km/s. As
for the "small" impact asteroid, they assumed it had a mass
of 5 x 1014 Kg traveling at a velocity of 20
Km/s. It is important to note that these two objects are
possible bolides that hit the earth 65 million years ago.
Conclusions of the Large
Comet Impact Scenario
If the "large" comet impact
scenario occurred, 7 x 1040 molecules of NO would
have been produced and subsequently converted into acid
rain. (See chemical reactions) This would have caused a
global dispersal of acid rain with a pH of 0-1.5. On
the continents the acid rain would have weathered the soil
removing many of the insoluble elements ( for e.g. Be+2,
Al+3, Hg+2, Cu+, Fe+2, Fe+3, Ti+3, Pb+2, Cd+2, Mn+2, Sr+2).
These elements would end up in soil water, streams, rivers,
lakes, etc., causing a problem as some of these elements are
known for their toxicity towards plants and animals (e.g.
Al, Be, Ti, Hg). As for the oceans, the global acid rain
would lower the pH of the mixed layer (the top 75 M of the
ocean) to a pH of 7.8, breaking down the calcareous shells
of organisms that thrive in the mixing zone.
Conclusions of the
Small Asteroid Impact Scenario
If the "small" asteroid scenario
were to occur, the amount of acid rain produced would be
similar to the "large" comet scenario but only near the
impact site. The global pH change would be rather
Above statement is referred to Reference Link #1 (Hooper
Tunguska, Siberia Catastrophe
Shows Evidence of Acid Rain
The Tunguska, Siberia meteor
strike catastrophe in 1908 evidently led to high levels of
acid rain. This is the conclusion reached by Russian,
Italian and German researchers based on the results of
analyses of peat profiles taken from the disaster region.
"Extremely high temperatures occurred as the meteorite
entered the atmosphere, during which the oxygen in the
atmosphere reacted with nitrogen causing a build up of
nitrogen oxides. The Tunguska event is regarded as one of
the biggest natural disasters of modern times. On 30 June
1908 one or more explosions took place in the area close to
the Tunguska River north of Lake Baikal. The explosion(s)
flattened around 80 million trees over an area of more than
2000 square kilometres. The strength of the explosion is
estimated to have been equivalent to between five and 30
megatons of TNT. That is more than a thousand times as
powerful as the Hiroshima bomb.
There are a number of different
theories about what caused the catastrophe. However, the
majority of scientists assume that it was caused by a cosmic
event, such as the impact of a meteorite, asteroid or comet.
The initial research publication by Evgeniy M. Kolesnikov of
Lomonosov Moscow State University validates the theory
postulated by Prinn and Fegley of acid rain following the
heat shock of a meteor, asteroid or comet strike.
Conclusion of this Article
In conclusion, the scientific
scenario theorizing "acid rain" following a large comet or
asteroid impact with Earth is the best explanation for the
"Wormwood Star" prophecy existing today. Such
information enhances the credibility of the "Wormwood Star"
prophecy and New Testament writings with scientific theory
and debunks many of the fanciful futuristic speculations and
symbolic interpretations. This scenario may be another
instance of "Science catching up with Biblical prophecy".
Below are various links discussing
asteroids and comets. I have focused particularly on
the scientific scenarios of a comet or asteroid colliding
with Earth, causing chemical changes in the atmosphere.
Hooper Museum website article predicting "atmospheric
chemical changes" with the impact of a comet.
Bolide impacts, acid rain, and
biospheric traumas at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary,
Ronald G. Prinn and Bruce Fegley Jr
Smithsonian/NASA article on possible "acid rain" effect of
comet's collision with Earth.
"Univ. of Bristol, Bristol, UK" website article on impact
geology, physics and chemistry of comets.
"Tunguska catastrophe: Evidence of acid rain supports
meteorite theory" Physorg.com
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